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The period of the 17th century was an era of chaos and general discontent among the Hindu population of the Deccan. People secretly desired a saviour who could eliminate the injustice and promise them the land to call their own. The liberator finally arose. Armed with the concept of Hindavi Swarajya, a young Maratha man rose to prominence. History knows him as “the Great Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj” and this is the life story of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Armed with the concept of Hindavi Swarajya, the Marathas rose to prominence in the western Deccan Plateau (present-day Maharashtra) under the leadership of Shivaji Bhonsale. Starting from a small Jagir, he built a powerful kingdom from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur and fought against the Mughals as well as the foreign powers. The Marathas, under the leadership of Shivaji Maharaj, consolidated their territories during the Mughal-Maratha Wars pioneering the guerrilla warfare methods and later controlled a large part of the Indian subcontinent.